US Soybean Production by State: Top 11 Rankings

US Soybean Production by State: Ranking the Top 11

In 2019 Illinois produced 532 million bushels of soybeans, making it the number one producer of soybeans in the United States.

The primary cause of year-to-year variation in soybean production by state are year-to-year variations in:

  1. The number of acres planted by producers to grow soybeans, and
  2. The weather conditions that occur during the soybean growing season.

CropProphet provides weather-based soybean yield and production forecasts. In other words, we help to manage the weather risk associated with soybean production variations while creating weather opportunities for grain market trading. Free trials are available.

Follow this link if you are interesting in state corn yield per acre rankings.

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2019

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2019 was:

Production Rankings: 2019
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois532.4
2Iowa501.6
3Minnesota297.9
4Nebraska283.1
5Indiana273.4
6Missouri230.5
7Ohio209.2
8Kansas186.3
9North Dakota174.4
10South Dakota146.2
11Arkansas127.9

For 2019 the USDA NASS reported 29 soybean-producing states. These states produced at least more than 2 million bushels of soybeans. As can be seen in the chart above, while Illinois was the number one producer of soybean, Iowa was not far behind with 501.6 million bushels of soybeans. These two states produced almost 30% of the US soybean crop in 2019.

2019 was an interesting year for soybean production forecasting because of early-season precipitation and it’s impact on the evolution of the yield forecast, which can be seen below.

National soybean prices (i.e. soybean futures prices) each year are impacted not only by the market’s perception of the amount of national soybean production but frequently also how much soybean a specific state produces. In addition, local cash crop basis prices are directly impacted by the market perceptions of the soybean production forecasts at the county level. This can have a direct impact on the profitability of the soybean producer. As a result, understanding not only soybean production but also forecasts of corn production can have important financial implications for all grain market participants.

Top 11 Rankings of State Soybean Production Over Time

The ranking of the top 11 states producing soybean seems to be relatively stable since 2016, we can look at the change in ranking over time. Unlike in a similar chart of the changes over time of state corn production rankings, we see the top 5 soybean producers alternate regularly. Undoubtedly this is due to weather conditions or changes in planted acres.

Ranking of State Soybean Production over Time
Ranking of State Soybean Production over Time

The ranking data in the graph above is also provided below but includes the total soybean production as well. You can view a history of state soybean yield for a few of the highly ranked states as well.

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2018

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2018 was:

Production Rankings: 2018
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois666.8
2Iowa550.5
3Minnesota374.9
4Indiana342.7
5Nebraska324.2
6Ohio281.1
7Missouri257.2
8South Dakota251.1
9North Dakota239.4
10Kansas201.7
11Arkansas162.1

State Soybean Production – 2018

Soybeans Production by State - 2018 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2017

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2017 was:

Production Rankings: 2017
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois611.9
2Iowa566.6
3Minnesota384.3
4Nebraska326.0
5Indiana320.8
6Missouri292.5
7Ohio252.0
8North Dakota243.2
9South Dakota241.2
10Kansas191.6
11Arkansas178.5

State Soybean Production – 2017

Soybeans Production by State - 2017 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2016

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2016 was:

Production Rankings: 2016
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois593.0
2Iowa566.4
3Minnesota389.5
4Indiana323.7
5Nebraska314.1
6Missouri271.5
7Ohio263.8
8South Dakota255.9
9North Dakota248.6
10Kansas192.5
11Arkansas145.2

State Soybean Production – 2016

Soybeans Production by State - 2016 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2015

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2015 was:

Production Rankings: 2015
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa553.7
2Illinois544.3
3Minnesota377.5
4Nebraska305.7
5Indiana275.0
6Ohio237.0
7South Dakota235.5
8North Dakota185.9
9Missouri181.0
10Arkansas155.3
11Kansas148.6

State Soybean Production – 2015

Soybeans Production by State - 2015 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2014

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2014 was:

Production Rankings: 2014
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois547.1
2Iowa498.3
3Indiana301.9
4Minnesota301.7
5Nebraska287.8
6Missouri259.9
7Ohio246.2
8South Dakota229.9
9North Dakota202.5
10Arkansas158.4
11Kansas140.6

State Soybean Production – 2014

Soybeans Production by State - 2014 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2013

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2013 was:

Production Rankings: 2013
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois474.0
2Iowa420.9
3Minnesota278.0
4Indiana267.3
5Nebraska255.2
6Ohio222.3
7Missouri202.0
8South Dakota185.5
9North Dakota141.2
10Arkansas140.9
11Kansas131.0

State Soybean Production – 2013

Soybeans Production by State - 2013 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2012

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2012 was:

Production Rankings: 2012
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa418.9
2Illinois384.0
3Minnesota304.5
4Indiana225.3
5Nebraska207.1
6Ohio206.6
7North Dakota163.2
8Missouri158.1
9South Dakota144.0
10Arkansas137.0
11Kansas 87.9

State Soybean Production – 2012

Soybeans Production by State - 2012 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2011

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2011 was:

Production Rankings: 2011
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa475.3
2Illinois423.2
3Minnesota274.6
4Nebraska261.4
5Indiana240.7
6Ohio217.9
7Missouri190.2
8South Dakota150.6
9Arkansas126.3
10North Dakota114.8
11Kansas103.4

State Soybean Production – 2011

Soybeans Production by State - 2011 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2010

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2010 was:

Production Rankings: 2010
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa496.2
2Illinois466.1
3Minnesota328.9
4Nebraska267.8
5Indiana258.5
6Ohio220.3
7Missouri210.4
8South Dakota157.3
9Kansas140.2
10North Dakota138.4
11Arkansas110.2

State Soybean Production – 2010

Soybeans Production by State - 2010 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2009

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2009 was:

Production Rankings: 2009
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa486.0
2Illinois430.1
3Minnesota284.8
4Indiana266.6
5Nebraska259.4
6Missouri230.6
7Ohio222.0
8South Dakota176.0
9Kansas162.4
10Arkansas122.6
11North Dakota116.1

State Soybean Production – 2009

Soybeans Production by State - 2009 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2008

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2008 was:

Production Rankings: 2008
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa449.7
2Illinois428.6
3Minnesota264.9
4Indiana244.3
5Nebraska226.0
6Missouri191.1
7Ohio161.3
8South Dakota138.0
9Arkansas123.5
10Kansas120.2
11North Dakota105.3

State Soybean Production – 2008

Soybeans Production by State - 2008 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2007

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2007 was:

Production Rankings: 2007
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa448.8
2Illinois360.2
3Minnesota267.3
4Indiana220.3
5Ohio199.3
6Nebraska196.3
7Missouri175.1
8South Dakota136.1
9North Dakota108.6
10Arkansas101.5
11Kansas 86.1

State Soybean Production – 2007

Soybeans Production by State - 2007 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2006

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2006 was:

Production Rankings: 2006
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa510.1
2Illinois482.4
3Minnesota322.6
4Indiana284.0
5Nebraska250.5
6Ohio217.1
7Missouri194.2
8South Dakota130.9
9North Dakota121.9
10Arkansas107.5
11Kansas 98.6

State Soybean Production – 2006

Soybeans Production by State - 2006 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2005

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2005 was:

Production Rankings: 2005
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa525.0
2Illinois439.4
3Minnesota309.4
4Indiana263.6
5Nebraska235.3
6Ohio201.6
7Missouri181.7
8South Dakota134.8
9North Dakota105.8
10Kansas105.5
11Arkansas102.0

State Soybean Production – 2005

Soybeans Production by State - 2005 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2004

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2004 was:

Production Rankings: 2004
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa497.4
2Illinois495.0
3Indiana284.3
4Minnesota232.7
5Missouri223.2
6Nebraska218.5
7Ohio207.7
8South Dakota140.1
9Arkansas122.8
10Kansas111.1
11North Dakota 82.1

State Soybean Production – 2004

Soybeans Production by State - 2004 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2003

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2003 was:

Production Rankings: 2003
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Illinois379.6
2Iowa342.9
3Minnesota238.4
4Indiana204.1
5Nebraska182.2
6Ohio164.8
7Missouri146.0
8South Dakota115.5
9Arkansas111.3
10North Dakota 88.5
11Kansas 57.0

State Soybean Production – 2003

Soybeans Production by State - 2003 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2002

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2002 was:

Production Rankings: 2002
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa499.2
2Illinois453.6
3Minnesota308.9
4Indiana239.5
5Nebraska176.3
6Missouri170.0
7Ohio151.0
8South Dakota126.8
9Arkansas 96.5
10North Dakota 86.8
11Michigan 78.5

State Soybean Production – 2002

Soybeans Production by State - 2002 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2001

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2001 was:

Production Rankings: 2001
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa480.5
2Illinois477.9
3Indiana273.9
4Minnesota266.4
5Nebraska222.9
6Ohio187.8
7Missouri186.2
8South Dakota143.0
9Arkansas 91.2
10Kansas 87.4
11North Dakota 70.7

State Soybean Production – 2001

Soybeans Production by State - 2001 Rankings

Soybean Production by State: Top 11 of 2000

The top 11 soybeans producing states (and thier total production) of 2000 was:

Production Rankings: 2000
RankStateProdution (M bu)
1Iowa464.6
2Illinois459.8
3Minnesota293.1
4Indiana252.1
5Ohio186.5
6Missouri175.0
7Nebraska173.8
8South Dakota152.9
9Arkansas 80.3
10Michigan 73.1
11Wisconsin 60.0

State Soybean Production – 2000

Soybeans Production by State - 2000 Rankings

CropProphet provides daily updated, weather-based forecasts of county, state, and soybean production. Request a trial of CropProphet today.